52,000 acres in Connecticut designated as Nation’s 30th National Estuarine Research Reserve
January 14, 2022—A large section of Connecticut’s southeastern coast, encompassing ecologically rich tidal marshes, and shallow coves, bays and rivers, has been designated as the country’s 30th National Estuarine Research Reserve.
The new reserve is the first in Connecticut. It covers about 52,000 acres in and around the lower Connecticut and Thames Rivers.
The project has been in the works for decades and was formalized today by the U.S. Department of Commerce on the recommendation of the National Atmospheric and Oceanic Administration.
The purpose of the reserve is to provide a focus to keep the estuary ecologically healthy; to serve as a site for research to aid conservation; to provide information to local officials and others who make decisions affecting the area; and to provide outdoor education for students.
As much as $1 million a year will be earmarked for the reserve, to be used by scientists engaged in researching issues such as climate resiliency, water quality, habitat quality, and fish and wildlife.
The reserve will also be a source of funding, materials, and field trip locations for local education programs such as Connecticut Audubon’s Science in Nature, which has reached more than 75,000 school children in Connecticut and has thrived particularly in Old Lyme and New London, the heart of the estuarine reserve area.
NOAA oversees the system. The Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection, the University of Connecticut and Connecticut Sea Grant will be the primary state partners, and will be guided by a 338-page management plan.
Connecticut Audubon has had two active and influential members on the new reserve’s steering committee — Ralph Wood, former chair of Connecticut Audubon’s Board of Directors, and John Forbis, a member of the regional board of Connecticut Audubon’s Roger Tory Peterson Estuary Center in Old Lyme.
In addition, Connecticut Audubon has worked closely with the Pew Charitable Trust’s Conserving Marine Life in the U.S. project to build public support for the reserve.
“Connecticut’s first national estuarine research reserve will enable the state to contribute meaningfully to scientific research into how to best counter sea-level rise and climate change,” Patrick Comins, executive director of the Connecticut Audubon Society, said. “It will also provide a substantial economic and recreational boost to the area, which will benefit all residents.”
Tom Wheatley, senior manager of Pew’s Conserving Marine Life in the U.S. project, who oversees the institution’s work to expand the federal system, said: “On a daily basis, the NERR system contributes to the health of the nation’s coasts through research, education, stewardship, and training,” said Tom Wheatley, senior manager of Pew’s conserving marine life in the U.S. project, who is responsible for the institution’s efforts to enlarge the NERR system. “We look forward to continuing our work with Connecticut and other states and territories to expand the environmental, economic, and recreational benefits that research reserves provide to their communities and the entire country.”
The National Estuarine Research Reserve System, established by Congress in the early 1970s, is a growing network of sensitive coastal areas across more than 1.3 million acres now in 24 states and Puerto Rico.
An estuary is an arm of the sea, where fresh water from rivers mixes with salt water from the sea. Estuaries are among the most productive ecosystems on the planet. They also play an important role in coastal economies, and serve as buffers from storms and sea level rise.
In Connecticut, the reserve ncludes the Lord Cove Natural Area Preserve; Roger Tory Peterson Natural Area Preserve; the Bluff Point State Park, Complex and Coastal Reserve; Haley Farm State Park; Pine Island; and the University of Connecticut Avery Point campus.
Waterways include parts of six rivers—the Connecticut, Thames, Lieutenant, Black Hall, Back, and Poquonnock—and portions of Long Island Sound, Fisher’s Island Sound, Baker Cove, Mumford Cove, and bays on Palmer Cove and Birch Plain Creek.
More than 200 species of bird rely on those areas for migratory stopovers, overwintering and nesting — almost a quarter of which are protected under the Connecticut Endangered Species Act.